Improve Checkpoint-blockade Response in Advanced Urothelial Cancer
Inclusion Criteria: For inclusion in the study, patients should fulfill the following criteria: Capable of giving signed informed consent which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the informed consent form (ICF) and in this protocol. Written informed consent and any locally required authorization (eg, European Union [EU] Data Privacy Directive) obtained from the patient/legal representative prior to performing any protocol-related procedures, including screening evaluations. Patients with histologically or cytologically documented metastatic or irresectable (i.e. T4b, N1-3 and/or M1a/b) urothelial cell carcinoma (including renal pelvis, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra). Patients ineligible for cisplatin-based chemotherapy OR previous treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy, either in the neo-adjuvant setting or in any other setting. This is defined as progression on or after at least 2 cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy (e.g. MVAC, cisplatin/gemcitabine, carpoblatin/gemcitabine). Patients who had to stop platinum-based therapy because of toxicity after at least 2 cycles are eligible if they have progressive disease. Previous treatment with anti-PD(L)1 immunotherapy. The following conditions apply for inclusion: Must not have experienced a toxicity that led to permanent discontinuation of prior anti-PD(L)1 immunotherapy; All treatment-related AEs while receiving prior anti-PD(L)1 immunotherapy must have completely resolved or resolved to baseline prior to screening for this study; Must not have experienced a ≥Grade 3 immune related AE or an immune related neurologic or ocular AE of any grade while receiving prior anti-PD(L)1 immunotherapy; Patients with endocrine AE of ≤Grade 2 are permitted to enroll if they are stably maintained on appropriate replacement therapy and are asymptomatic; Must not have required the use of additional immunosuppression other than corticosteroids for the management of an AE, not have experienced recurrence of an AE if re-challenged, and not currently require maintenance doses of >10 mg prednisone or equivalent per day; At least 1 lesion, not previously irradiated, that can be accurately measured at baseline as ≥10 mm in the longest diameter (except lymph nodes which must have a Revised Clinical Study Protocol short axis ≥15 mm) with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and that is suitable for accurate repeated measurements as per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) guidelines. Age >18 years at time of study entry. World Health Organisation (WHO) performance status of 0 or 1. Body weight >30kg. Adequate normal organ and marrow function as defined below: Haemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL = 5.6 mmol/L; Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5 x 109/L; Platelet count ≥100 x 109/L; Serum bilirubin ≤1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN). (Does not apply to patients with confirmed Gilbert’s syndrome, who will be allowed only in consultation with their physician); AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) ≤2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal unless liver metastases are present, in which case it must be ≤5x ULN; Measured creatinine clearance (CL) >30 mL/min or Calculated creatinine clearance CL>30 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula (Cockcroft and Gault 1976) or by 24-hour urine collection for determination of creatinine clearance: Males: Creatinine CL (mL/min) = Weight (kg) x (140 – Age) 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL) Females: Creatinine CL (mL/min) = Weight (kg) x (140 – Age) x 0.85 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL) Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary or serum pregnancy test for female pre-menopausal patients. Women will be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. The following age-specific requirements apply: Women 1 year ago, had chemotherapy-induced menopause with last menses >1 year ago, or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or hysterectomy); Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up. Must have a life expectancy of at least 12 weeks Exclusion Criteria: Patients should not enter the study if any of the following exclusion criteria are fulfilled: Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to both AstraZeneca staff and/or staff at the study site). Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product during the last 4 weeks. Concurrent enrollment in another clinical study, unless it is an observational (non-interventional) clinical study or during the follow-up period of an interventional study. Receipt of the last dose of anticancer therapy (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, endocrine therapy, targeted therapy, biologic therapy, tumour embolization, monoclonal antibodies) ≤28 days prior to the first dose of study drug. Any unresolved toxicity NCI CTCAE Grade ≥2 from previous anticancer therapy with the exception of alopecia, vitiligo, and the laboratory values defined in the inclusion criteria Patients with Grade ≥2 neuropathy will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis after consultation with the Study Physician; Patients with irreversible toxicity not reasonably expected to be exacerbated by treatment with durvalumab or tremelimumab may be included only after consultation with the Study Physician; Toxicity caused by treatment with anti-PD(L)1 should return to baseline, except for endocrine toxicity on a stable dose of replacement therapy. Any concurrent chemotherapy, investigational product (IP), biologic, or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment. Concurrent use of hormonal therapy for non-cancer-related conditions (e.g., hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable. Radiotherapy treatment to more than 30% of the bone marrow or with a wide field of radiation within 4 weeks of the first dose of study drug. Major surgical procedure (as defined by the Investigator) within 28 days prior to the first dose of IP. Note: Local surgery of isolated lesions for palliative intent is acceptable. History of allogenic organ transplantation. Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [e.g., colitis or Crohn’s disease], diverticulitis [with the exception of diverticulosis], systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Graves’ disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc]). The following are exceptions to this criterion: Patients with vitiligo or alopecia; Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement; Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy. Psoriasis, if not treated by immunesuppressants, is allowed; Patients without active disease in the last 5 years may be included but only after consultation with the study physician; Patients with celiac disease controlled by diet alone. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, interstitial lung disease, serious chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirement, substantially increase risk of incurring AEs or compromise the ability of the patient to give written informed consent. History of another primary malignancy except for: Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease ≥2 years before the first dose of IP and of low potential risk for recurrence; Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease; Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease; Curatively treated localized prostate cancer without PSA recurrence. History of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis. Brain metastases or spinal cord compression, unless they show radiographic stability, defined as 2 brain images, both of which are obtained after treatment to the brain metastases. These imaging scans should both be obtained at least four weeks apart and show no evidence of intracranial progression. In addition, any neurologic symptoms that developed either as a result of the brain metastases or their treatment must have resolved or be stable either, without the use of steroids, or are stable on a steroid dose of ≤10mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent for at least 14 days prior to the start of treatment.. Patients with suspected brain metastases at screening should have an MRI (preferred) or CT each preferably with IV contrast of the brain prior to study entry. History of active primary immunodeficiency. Active infection including tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings), hepatitis B (known positive HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) result), hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (positive HIV 1/2 antibodies). Patients with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [anti-HBc] and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. Patients positive for hepatitis C (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA. Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab or tremelimumab. The following are exceptions to this criterion: Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra articular injection); Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent; Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., CT scan premedication). Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of IP. Note: Patients, if enrolled, should not receive live vaccine whilst receiving IP and up to 30 days after the last dose of IP. Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not willing to employ effective birth control from screening to 180 days after the last dose of tremelimumab, durvalumab, or durvalumab + tremelimumab combination therapy. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any of the study drug excipients. Prior randomisation or treatment in a previous durvalumab and/or tremelimumab clinical study regardless of treatment arm assignment. Previous treatment with anti-CTLA-4 immunotherapy. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to IP or any excipient. Procedures for withdrawal of incorrectly enrolled patients are presented in Section 4.3 of the clinical protocol. If a patient withdraws from participation in the study, then his or her enrollment/randomization code cannot be reused. Withdrawn patients will not be replaced. Contacts and Locations Go to Top of Page Study Description Study Design Arms and Interventions Outcome Measures Eligibility Criteria Contacts and Locations More Information Information from the National Library of Medicine
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03871036 Contacts Layout table for location contacts Contact: Michiel MS van der Heijden, Dr. +31 20 512 ext 9111 Contact: Jeroen J van Dorp, M.D. +31 20 512 ext 9111 Sponsors and Collaborators